ANDREW VON HIRSCH
Retributive sentencing theory emerged in the late 20th century as the most influential penal theory across western nations. Sentencing regimes in all common law countries were influenced by the “just deserts” sentencing movement – proportionality often being codified as the primordial principle. This volume was the seminal work giving rise to proportionality-based sentencing. Andrew von Hirsch has been the leading retributive theorist since publication of this volume in 1976; he continues to publish penal theory in English and in German. Doing Justice succinctly and cogently outlines the essential parameters of proportional sentencing, defining and clarifying concepts such as ordinal and cardinal proportionality. The style is clear, the conclusions compelling. The book is still in print and in addition to influencing sentencing reform around the world has also informed and shaped the vast and growing scholarship on sentencing.
SEVEN PILLARS OF WISDOM
“...when at last we anchored in the outer harbour, off the white town hung between the blazing sky and its reflection in the mirage which swept and rolled over the wide lagoon, then the heat of Arabia came out like a drawn sword and struck us speechless.”
Of all the books written at Oxford or by Oxford University members, Seven Pillars must rank as the most unusual, and Lawrence as the most original of all scholars. Was ever an individual so transformed – from Jesus undergraduate to military strategist, liberator and war hero? Lawrence wrote his memoir holed up in All Souls College during the period 1919-1921, preferring a tray of figs and dates in his rooms to candlelight dining. Seven Pillars is an astonishing amalgam of personal memoir, military strategy, philosophy and history. Besides documenting his extraordinary achievements and those of others engaged in the Arab revolt, Lawrence exposes the perfidy of the western powers during and after the war. Having read Pillars as a youth I returned to it 40 years later; if anything it shone even more brightly today. The book is beautifully written and replete with fascinating tales of war and survival which remain in the memory – just read the brief encounter where Lawrence spares the life of a young Turkish soldier. Essential reading, indeed.